Faridpur Medical College

Department of Physiology

In the department of physiology, students learn the basic of all the physiological conditions and homeostasis of the human body.

Department of Anatomy

Brief Outlook

Department Objectives:

At the end of the course in physiology the MBBS students will be able to:

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge on the normal functions of human body and apply it as a background for clinical
  • Explain normal reactions to environment and homeostatic
  • Interpret normal function with a view to differentiate from abnormal
  • Demonstrate knowledge & skill for performing and interpreting physiological experiments.
  • Develop knowledge and skill to proceed to higher studies and research in physiology in relation to need and disease profile of the
  • Develop sound attitude for continuing self-education to improve efficiency & skill [including information technology (IT) skill] in

List of Competencies to Acquire:

Medical courses in physiology teach the essentials of the processes of life.

The physiology courses are very clinically relevant because the knowledge of  the  processes underlying the normal physiological functions of all the major organ systems is crucial for understanding pathology, pharmacology, and  for competent clinical practice. In fact, all of medicine   is based on understanding physiological functions.

In the process of completing these courses, students acquire the following competencies:

  • Describe transport across the plasma membrane, the basis of resting membrane potential, the genesis and propagation of action Explain muscle excitation and contraction.
  • Describe the heart and circulation starting from a molecular level and ending with how the circulatory system functions as a dual pump and dual circulatory
  • Explain respiratory processes with the knowledge of structures, ventilation, diffusion, blood flow, gas transport, mechanics of breathing, and control of
  • Identify how the kidney plays an important role in the maintenance of homeostasis by regulating both the composition and volume of ECF
  • Explain how the brain works at the neuronal systems level. The role of electrical & chemical signals in information transmission & processing. Brain circulation, metabolism, neurotransmitter release & receptors,
  • Describe the physiological mechanism underlying sensory perception, motor control & maintenance of homeostasis as well as higher cortical functions. Understanding autonomic nervous
  • Describe endocrine physiology: describe the synthesis, secretion, functions & mechanism of action of the endocrine
  • Explain human reproduction, functional changes in the reproductive tract, the formation of sperm & ovum, fertilization & hormonal regulation of fertility, role of hormones  in  pregnancy, parturition &
  • The students will be able to equip themselves with adequate knowledge and develop skill for performing physiology laboratory tests and interpreting these normal functions with a view to differentiate from abnormal conditions. such as
  • Measurement of blood pressure
  • Examination of radial
  • Recording & analysis of normal ECG (electrocardiogram)(12 Lead).
  • Auscultation of heart sounds, breath sounds & bowel
  • Estimation of Hb
  • Estimation of total count of red blood cell (RBC).
  • Estimation of total and differential count of white blood cell (WBC).
  • Determination of bleeding time & clotting
  • Determination of blood grouping & cross
  • Determination of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
  • Determination of packed cell
  • Measurement of pulmonary volumes &
  • Examination of urine for volume, specific gravity/osmolarity and water
  • Elicitation of reflexes (e.g., knee jerk, ankle jerk, planter response, biceps jerk, triceps jerk).
  • Recording of body
  • Elicitation of light
  • Interpretation of Snellen’s chart and colour vision
  • Conduction and interpretation of Rinne
  • Conduction and interpretation of Weber
  • Develop competencies in IT, related to applied physiology,


The Teachers

Head of the department

No Data

Associte professors

No Data

Assistant professors

No Data



The Course Details

Distribution of Teaching - Learning Hours:




Total Teaching hours

Integrated teaching for Phase I

Formative Exam

Summative exam

Preparatory leave

Exam time

Preparatory leave

Exam time

120 hrs

120 hrs

100 hrs

340 hrs


35 days

42 days


30 days

(Time for exam. preparatory leave and formative & summative assessment is common for all subjects of the phase )

Teaching - Learning Methods, Teaching Aids and Evaluation:

Teaching Methods

Teaching aids

In course evaluation

Large group

Small group

Self learning


Computer & Multimedia &





other IT materials

Item examination(oral)



self assessment

Chalk & board

Practical item



& self study.

White board & markers

examination(Oral & practical)



Class examination


Slide projector

Card completion Examination


Flip Chart

(Written & oral)



Term final



Examination(Written, oral &





Study guide & manuals.


1st Professional Examination:

Marks distribution of Assessment of Physiology Total marks – 400 (Summative)

  • Written= 200 (SAQ140 + MCQ 40+Formative 20)
  • SOE =100
  • Practical= 100 (OSPE40 + Traditional 50 +Note Book 10)

Assessment in Physiology:



Total Marks



Paper – I- Formative

Assessment + MCQ +SAQ

Paper – II- Formative

Assessment + MCQ +SAQ


10+20+70 = 100




10+20+70 =100





Paper – I

1. Cellular physiology

2. Physiology of blood

3. Cardiovascular physiology

4. Respiratory physiology

5.  Gastrointestinal physiology

Paper – II

1. Renal physiology

2. Endocrine physiology & physiology of Reproduction

3. Neurophysiology & temperature regulation

4. Physiology of Special senses




Traditional practical methods and experiments

Practical Note Book












(Structured) 2 boards

Board – I = 50 Board – II = 50





Grand Total



Pass marks 60% in each of written, oral and practical.

Prerequisite for 1st Professional Examination:

  1. A Student must pass all term exam before appearing 1st professional
  2. Class attendance must be 75 %
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